Part-financed by The European Union
European Regional Development Fund and European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
Key outcomes and lessons from the Main stage project Bioenergy Promotion (2009-2012). During the period 2009-2011 the consortium behind the Bioenergy Promotion project implemented many activities to promote sustainable bioenergy production and use in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR). The partners developed shared principles and criteria for sustainable bioenergy production in the BSR. In addition, they supported policy development at different levels of government, analysed sustainable biomass potentials, developed pilot projects and strategic concepts for the 17 demo regions, and prepared good practice projects, policies and business models relevant for the Baltic Sea Region and beyond.
Bioenergy production and use may provide multiple environmental and socio-economic opportunities and benefits. These include:
The principles and criteria developed in the Main stage project cover all use of biomass for energy purposes (not only biofuels and bioliquids) and include biodiversity, resource efficiency (including land use), energy efficiency, climate change mitigation efficiency, social well-being and economic prosperity.
Bioenergy Promotion stands out from many other sustainability initiatives in this field by its emphasis on resource efficient and energy efficient bioenergy production and use. However, in most cases, the principles and criteria (P&C) developed by the project consortium remain on a general level. Only in a few cases were the partners able to agree upon operational, quantitative guiding values. For instance, with regard to solid and gaseous biomass used in electricity, heating and cooling, the project consortium recommends minimum lifecycle GHG emission savings of 80 per cent compared to the use of fossil fuels. This target takes into account the proposed calculation methodology set out in the European Commission’s Biomass Sustainability Report COM(2010)11.
During the Main stage project the partners performed a number of interrelated activities directly targeting the 17 demo regions. These activities comprised the establishment of regional network points, assessments of regional biomass potentials taking into account sustainability criteria, regional business and industry analyses, technology assessments and the preparation of pilot projects. In ten of the regions, these activities resulted in the preparation of strategic plans and concepts to further promote sustainable bioenergy production and use in the demo regions These plans and concepts were rather heterogeneous in character. In some cases they were prepared as supplements to already existing regional development plans; in other cases they were more in the nature of informal concepts and recommendations. Nevertheless, those plans, concepts and recommendations served as the starting point for the implementation activities under the extension stage project.